Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois complaints number & email

Dog Breed Group: Herding Group

Height : 57 - 65 cm

Weight: 22 – 30 kg

Life Span: 12 – 14 years

Adaptability Highly adaptable

Trainability High

Friendliness Good

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Last updated on September 11th, 2021

What is a Belgian malinois?

Belgian malinois could be a medium-sized social dog with a protecting temperament. At first look, resembles a German shepherd dog. This dog could be a loving and loyal family member. It’s a pure dog breed.

Belgian malinois work as police dog, military dog, protection dog. This can be a stubborn, watchful, active, protective, friendly, alert, confident, hard-working dog breed.

Let’s see the full information or guidance about Belgian malinois.

Content Overview


The Belgian malinois is one of all four types of Belgian Sheepdogs. The four varieties are Groenendael (long coat, black), Tervuren (long coat with black mask), Laekenois (rough coat, fawn-mahogany), and malinois (short coat with black mask, fawn-mahogany).

Belgian-malinois-historyThey were developed by trainers and dealing competitors in Malines. Belgian dogs were used as military operating dogs during World War I. Belgian malinois were the primary dogs to be utilized by the Belgian police.

Before World War II, international working dog trials became greatly popular in Europe, and Belgian dogs earned a variety of prizes at the trials. When World War I they were utilized by the military works as well as red cross dogs, messenger dogs, motorcar cart dogs and, machine-gun cart dogs.

The malinois was named when the town of Malines. Belgian dogs were developed in Belgium within the late 1800s. They’re first arrived within the U.S. around 1911 and gained popularity. Within the 1920s, the Belgian malinois and groenendael had risen in quality to rank among the top 5 breeds.

The breed became less current during the great Depression. Early 1959s, this breed turning into recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Within the 1960s, more individuals were breeding and showing malinois. In March 1992, the American Belgian malinois Club received AKC parent club standing.

These dogs have received heaps of attention for his or her add in the military, police forces, search drug detection agencies, and rescue operations, and around the country.

Other’s name

  • Malinois
  • Chien De Berger Belge
  • Mechelaar
  • Mechelse Herder
  • Mechelse Scheper
  • Pastor Belga Malinois



Body: Belgian malinois body is well-balanced, well-muscled, and agile.

Head: The top of head being a lot of planar than rounded. Belgian malinois’s head is overall proportionate to the body and is clean-cut and robust without heaviness.

Muzzle: They have pointed muzzles that are just about equal long to the top skull.

Eyes: They have medium-sized and slightly rounded eyes. Eyes are brown, ideally dark, with black rims.

Expression: There expression is usually alertness and readiness for activity.

Teeth: They have scissors bite.

Neck: It has a round neck.

Shoulder: It’s long shoulders.

Chest: It’s deep and wide chest

Nose: Nose is black in color.

Lips: Lips are black in color

Ears: Belgian malinois ears are proportionate to the top in size, stiff and erect. Ears are trigon in shape.

Paws: They have spherical paws that are well-padded.

Toes: Belgian malinois toes are close together, with sturdy nails that are usually black, but is also white to match white toe tips.

Tail: Tail is strong at the bottom. Once Belgian malinois is in action, it’s raised with a small curve tail.

Gait: Belgian malinois has simple, smooth, never effortful gait that tend to move in a very circle instead of a line gait.

Coat and color

The Belgian malinois contains a short coat, however a dense undercoat. It’s short, straight hair, it feels hard to the touch. The hair is slightly longer round the neck, forming a kind of mini-mane.

Coat color comes in Black-tipped Fawn, Tan, Mahogany.


Weight & Height

Male Female
Weight 25 – 30 kg 20 – 25 kg
Height 61 – 66 cm 56 – 61 cm

Breed basic Characteristics

Grooming requirements Medium grooming
Litter Size 6-10 puppies
Coat Color Black-tipped Fawn, Tan, Mahogany
Lifespan 12 – 14 years
Suitable For Families
Purpose Guard dogs, Police dog, Military dogs, Protection dogs, Service dogs
Barking Level When Necessary
Breed Type Herding
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level Active


malinois-temperamentBelgian malinois is an extremely intelligent and alert dog breed. They’re active, watchful, confident, friendly, protective, stubborn, hard-working, alert dog. It is often an excellent pet for our family.

They are known for his sense of humor. Belgian malinois could be a nice companion for a runner, jogger, or cyclist.

It’s wary of strangers and makes a superb watchdog.

They will hear their owner’s commands, defend them, and cuddle with them.


They have an excellent deal of energy and want tons of exercise. Belgian malinois are often loyal, smart, and also the best companion for you and your family. If you neglect them, it is often terribly aggressive and harmful.

They may instinctively chase children who are running. Belgian malinois needed a ton of attention and exercise. This will be wonderful guard and police dogs.

Belgian malinois will become aggressive towards different animals and kids. They’re not sensible for a first time dog owner.

Health & Problems

1. Hip and elbow dysplasia

This is a condition that affects a dog’s socket. Hip dysplasia begins once the dog remains young and physically immature. A short time surgery required to manage this.

Hip dysplasia is associate abnormal formation of the socket which is able to eventually cause gimpiness and disease of the joints in It’s a lot of severe kind. Elbow dysplasia is usually a heritable condition.


  • Pain
  • Looseness in joint
  • Narrow stance
  • Decreased vary of motion
  • Lameness in fundament

2. Progressive retinal atrophy

This is a group of chronic diseases that have an effect on these photoreceptor cells. The cells deteriorate over time, eventually resulting in blindness within the affected dog.

This is often a heritable condition that causes gradually progressive degeneration of the tissue layer with irreversible blindness.


  • Dilated pupils
  • Decreased pupillary light reflex
  • Decreased vision at night

3. Cataracts

This is defined as differentiation of embryonic retina being loads of a secondary lesion instead of a health problem and an abnormal growth. This health problem that attacks on the membrane inside the eyes of dogs.

It’ll finish in visual disorder. Retinal Atrophy may develop, and their eyes can go cloudy or whitish. A mature cataract feels like a white disk behind your dog’s iris.

A dog develops a cataract once the lens of the attention clouds, that’s caused by changes at intervals in the water balance at intervals in the lens or changes to the proteins within the lens.


  • Bluish, gray, or white layer on eye
  • Clumsiness
  • Irritation, redness, discharge or blinking

4. Chronic superficial keratitis

This is an inflammation of the cornea. Chronic superficial keratitis is an immune-mediated condition affecting the cornea or clear, a part of the eye.

This is often not painful, however can have an effect on your dog’s vision. Chronic superficial keratitis will finish in blindness.


  • Difficulty opening your eyelid because of pain or irritation
  • Excess tears or other discharge from your eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye redness
  • Eye pain

5. Hemangiosarcoma

Hemangiosarcoma is cancer of the vessel walls. This disease affects the spleen and heart of Belgian malinois. Surgery is that the primary methodology of treatment for many dogs with hemangiosarcoma.

It doesn’t cause pain, and therefore the rate of growth within the early stages is comparatively slow.


  • Loss of appetite, arrhythmias,
  • Weight loss, weakness,
  • Lethargy
  • Sudden death

How to take care

How much should i feed Belgian malinois?

Belgian malinois wants to be fed healthy and nutritious dog foods. Always provide them clean water to drink. Give them food that have a balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

This can be a working dog breed, so they needed high protein food. Talk to your vet to determine the quantity of food your dog wants based on their health and activity levels.

  • If you have Small Breeds (5-10 kg) feed with 3/4 cup to 1 1/2 cups per day.
  • Whether you have Medium Breeds (13-22 kg) feed with 1 3/4 to 2 2/3 cups per day.
  • If you have Large Breeds(28-45 kg) feed with 3 to 4 1/2 cups per day.

*Add 1/3 cup for every 5 kg over 45 kg.

Exercise need

belgian-malinois-exerciseBelgian malinois is an extremely high energetic dog. They additionally need to be integrated into an active outside lifestyle. They need to be exercised each single day to stay them happy and healthy.

Once Belgian malinois do not burn their energy, they’ll turn to destructive behaviors like destroying their beds to alleviate their boredom and chewing a piece of furniture.

Due to high energy, daily walks aren’t enough exercise for them. You must include running, jogging many miles every and each day.

The Belgian malinois do best once they have large fenced in yards to play.

They love running, biking, hiking and outlay time with their owners outdoors.

1. Running and jogging

A healthy Chien De Berger Belge can run upwards of five miles by your side. Some Belgian Malinois owners ride bikes with their pup running alongside.

But daily too much running makes their bones nervous. Short run or jog make their body fit and healthy. If your pup feel bored then take a different route, or walk a different area of the park.

2. Fetch
Fetch is another good way to release some energy. Chasing their favorite ball or toy will keep your Malinois occupied for hours. You must play in a very safe and secure house. This dog is often a suitable exercise method.

3. Swimming
They are solid swimmers. Swimming is a great exercise for a Chien De Berger Belge as it burns energy. It will be relatively simple to train Belgian Malinois to swim with the precautions and proper process.

Give them a perfect Home atmosphere

It is adoring and loyal pet who need to earn your praise and love. Belgian malinois become beloved parts of your family. Keep attention on them, and being physically caring. They ought to fit your lifestyle, and your lifestyle should also match the needs of a Belgian malinois.

They’ll adjust well in a different of homes, either with different pets or as the only dog. Belgian malinois is extremely active dogs and do best in environments where they have an area to run and play.

If you have little house then would be hard to live for Belgian malinois. Belgian malinois is extremely simple to train, compared to different breeds. If you not pay time and not offer them correct coaching, then they’ll become destructive and act out.

Give them lots of love and attraction

If you offer your dog love and affection, then the dog will love you back. This dead suits Belgian malinois. It’s become a member of your family once you adopt it. Love and affection are useful for every dog.

Therefore, offer them many love and feeling. Most significantly, pay time together with your Belgian malinois because they need attraction and warmth.

Spend quality time along with your dog

Belgian malinois is love some dogs that love spending time with people. Spend quality time is useful in increasing a relationship along with your dog.

Spend quality time along with your dog every day. At puppyhood time, try and play around half-hour indoor games every day. Like ball, soft toys, etc.

Grooming needs

Why grooming is so much important

  1. Can determine any skin or health associated issues
  2. Healthier and shinier coats that shed less
  3. Good chance to appear for any fleas
  4. Reduces the threats of ear infections
  5. Makes your animal look higher
  6. Better smell and hygiene
  7. Prevents matting

Grooming tools

  • Comb
  • Brush
  • Standard Dog Shampoo
  • Standard Dog Conditioner
  • Dog Toothpaste
  • Dog Toothbrush
  • Animal Nail Clippers
  • Electric Clippers


Belgian malinois would like brushing to get rid of dead hairs and keep their coat from trying scraggly. Brush their coat 2 times per week with a firm brush.

Pin brush is that the best brush for them. Initial wet the coat with water mist from a sprig bottle, then bear the coat section by section with the comb, occupation the direction of hair growth.

The spring and fall are the shedding seasons, so that they needed brushing four times per week.


Give bath your pup once each 2 month. Usually they have to be bathed sometimes or if their fur has become dirty or foul. If you notice knots or tangles on Belgian malinois coat, then you ought to attempt to brush them out before bathing.


It’ll make the washing method easier for you and your pup. Try to use either bath or an outside kiddie pool. Always use canine special shampoo.

Humans shampoo will irritate your dog’s skin. Make sure to use warm water. Begin from the neck, operating your means that towards the tail.

Scrub in circular motions at the side of your finger, therefore the shampoo reaches the undercoat. Lastly, lather shampoo onto your dog’s head.

And blow dry at intervals within the direction of hair growth, otherwise, method back and forth can cause matting.


Nails that are left to develop as well long will cause wounds to you and your puppy. Too long nails will cause, Utilize standard puppy nail trimmer. In case you chop too deep, your puppy may get harmed and drain. Apply styptic powder on the harmed space.


Check your Belgian malinois’s ears weekly. A dog’s ears can develop excess wax and dirt, that may be a proof of poor grooming. Don’t use water to wash your dog’s ears because it’ll deposit in its external meats and cause infection.

You’ll be able to clean your dog’s ears using ear-drops or an episodic cleaner. Take a soft textile or a cotton pad to wash off the detritus and wax. Once gushing barely resolution into every ear, massage the bottom of the ear gently.


Brush your Belgian malinois’s teeth 2-3 times per week using canine toothpaste. Use finger tooth brush. Clean your dog’s teeth same as human teeth.

Hair Clipping

You ought to ask a professional groomer he can tell you regarding hair cutting. Hair cutting regulate its body temperature. Once taking suggestion of your vet then after with the correct clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut.

Belgian malinois needed haircuts. It’ll reduce shedding and help keep the dog cool in summer. Never shave your Belgian malinois unless the vet advises.

Use a trimmer or scissors to indeed out areas circular the tail, paws, clean regions and chest, as needed.

Puppy Information

How to feed Belgian malinois puppy?

3 to 6 months old puppy need three meals every 24 hour period. After 6 months to 12 months old puppy need two meals every day.

How much exercise does Belgian malinois puppy need?

A good rule of thumb is to allow 5 minutes walk per month of age, eg. at 5 months 5 x 5 equals 25 minutes). Make sure no long walks should be given until 7 or 8 months of age, just shorter ones.

How to train Belgian malinois puppy

Belgian malinois is much easier to train. You ought to begin the process of training at a young age. Early and thorough training will help you eliminate aggressive behavior.



Socialize Belgian malinois puppy after they are four to fourteen weeks old. You ought to take them a wide variety of places and people throughout this period.

Having strangers in your home can teach the dog that it’s normal for new people to show up and that they should not feel threatened by this occurring within the future.

Walk or carry your puppy publicly places, like busy shopping streets and marketplaces, thus it gets used to being around people. Try and take them each place when you go.

Basic training ideas:

  1. Start basic training once a puppy at eight weeks old. Try and learn them “sit,” “stay”, “leave”, and “come” command. This manner, they develop a satisfying and pleasant temperament.
  2. After they learn this command positively then once provides it praise and treats for doing positive things.
  3. Young puppy, training sessions ought to be at the most 10 minutes long. As the dog grows up, you’ll be able to step by step extend every coaching session to half-hour to one hour.
  4. You should know that your food is separate from the dog’s meal. Try and avoid eating in front Belgian malinois, or teach your pup that it’s not correct for it to stand in front you whereas eating.
  5. Stop barking: Belgian malinois is an fantastically vocal dog, so they bark a lot. Ignore them once they are barking. In the event that your pup bark at the unknown, at that point never right away go to to them. Permit them to recognize you’ve not rewarded them for barking. Once they have calmed down, at that point you’ll be ready to move to them.
  6. Stop biting: There puppies will bite a few time once there tooth come back. Throughout this case, you’ll take fast activity. Once your puppy bites you, drag back your hand and say out loud, “Ouch” or “No.” Give them any soft toys to chew. This puppy might stop your puppy biting propensity.

Puppy price

Belgian malinois is very expensive it’s puppy price can average from $3,400 to $9,000.

Friendliness with Kids, Family & Other Dogs

They should never be fearful, shy, or aggressive. Belgian malinois create an excellent watchdog and have the flexibility to be protecting once necessary. They will be an excellent pet for our family.

Belgian malinois are often loyal, smart, and also the best companion for you and your family. If you properly introduced or raised them, then they’re smart with kids and alternative animals.

Less coaching build them aggressive toward other dogs and cats.

Things to consider adopting a puppy

  • Adopting a dog is additionally a large responsibility. It’s a variety you want to make carefully. It’d facilitate if you detected a puppy.
  • Ask the stock breeder concerning the breed’s history and justify why one puppy is considered pet quality.
  • In contrast, another isn’t discussing what health issues impact the breed and thus the steps she takes to avoid
    those issues.
  • Never purchase a puppy from a feckless and fewer intelligent.
  • Examine the knowledge of the Stockman by asking them some queries on the breed.
  • Observe the health of the puppies and their condition.
  • If you’re doing not have time to repeatedly train, socialize, and exercise these dogs, you need to not adopt this dog.
  • This breed isn’t ideal for a first time dog owner.
  • Make sure you have plenty of space and time to spend and work along with your dog.
  • This breed needed large space for living.


  • This is an Extremely intelligent dog breed
  • They are Highly trainable
  • Belgian Malinois has active lifestyle
  • They will quickly learn new commands with the right motivation
  • Belgian Malinois is able for full time job


  • This is not standard family pet
  • They require a lot of exercise
  • Belgian Malinois could need professional training
  • They are danger for new people.
  • Belgian Malinois is difficult to manage for first time dog owners
  • They are not fit for apartment living area

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